January 21, 2019

Understanding Holocaust Remembrance Days

There are two main Holocaust Remembrance Days : Yom Hashoah, designated by Israel and International Holocaust Remembrance Day designated by the United Nations (UN).

Yom Hashoah marks the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of Auschwitz. The United States has established the Days of Remembrance coinciding with Yom Hashoah.1

In addition, other commemorations exist throughout the world on different dates. For example, Argentina legislated April 19, the day of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, as the national Day for Cultural Diversity. Hungary designated April 16 as National Holocaust Remembrance Day, commemorating the establishment of the ghetto in Munkács.

Yom Hashoah (Day of Remembrance of the Holocaust and Heroism)

Israel

The Israeli parliament (Knesset) established Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah) to be observed on the 27th day of Nisan of the Hebrew calendar. Yom Hashoah is a week after the end of the Passover holiday and a week before Yom Hazikaron(Memorial Day for Israel’s fallen soldiers). It marks the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. The date was selected in a resolution passed by Israel’s Parliament, the Knesset, on April 12, 1951.

Yom Hashoah begins on:

Wed, 01 May 2019 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5779)
Mon, 20 April 2020 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5780)
Wed, 07 April 2021 at sundown (26th of Nisan, 5781)
Wed, 27 April 2022 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5782)
Mon, 17 April 2023 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5783)
Sun, 05 May 2024 at sundown (28th of Nisan, 5784)
Wed, 23 April 2025 at sundown (26th of Nisan, 5785)
Mon, 13 April 2026 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5786)
Mon, 03 May 2027 at sundown (27th of Nisan, 5787)

Source: Jewish Virtual Library

United States

The US Congress established the Days of Remembrance as the nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust. Each year state and local governments, military bases, workplaces, schools, religious organizations, and civic centers host observances and remembrance activities for their communities. These events can occur during the Week of Remembrance, which runs from the Sunday before Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom HaShoah) through the following Sunday.

The Hebrew calendar is a lunar calendar, so the date of Holocaust Remembrance Day changes each year in the United States. Days of Remembrance in the United States are observed on the following dates:

2019 Thursday, May 2
2020 Tuesday, April 21
2021 Thursday, April 8
2022 Thursday, April 28
2023 Tuesday, April 18
2024 Monday, May 6
2025 Thursday, April 24
2026 Tuesday, April 14
2027 Tuesday, May 4
2028 Monday, April 24
2029 Thursday, April 12
2030 Tuesday, April 30

Having said this, observances and remembrance activities occur throughout the Week of Remembrance, which runs from the Sunday before Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah) through the following Sunday.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day - January 27

January 27 is designated by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Since 2005, the UN and its member states have held commemoration ceremonies to mark the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau and to honor the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust and millions of other victims of Nazism. Since 2010, the UN has designated specific themes for the annual commemorations that focus on topics such as collective experiences and universal human rights.

The date marks the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau and is meant to honor the victims of Nazism. The same resolution also supports the development of educational programs to remember the Holocaust and to prevent further genocide.


  1. Over 80% of the world’s Jewish population lives in Israel and the United States.


Remembrance Yom Hashoah Israel USA UN Holocaust Remembrance Day Argentina Hungary Genocide


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